Rose cut - prior knowledge for the spring

Leaning before pruning! What you will learn from this article about the spring-cut of roses is a basic model for almost all plants. Learn to understand your garden!

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Pruning roses: basic knowledge for cutting in spring
Pruning roses: basic knowledge for cutting in spring
Pruning roses: basic knowledge for cutting in spring

In spring it is time to cut your roses. You will easily recognizethe best time by their condition. As already often remarked, even the roses tell you when they want to be cut. When the very first new shoots appear you still have to wait a little bit. Yet, when the most powerful reddish rose shoots have reached about 3 to 7 cm length, the right time has come. But it is also okay to cut the roses later, because each cut is a growth incentive-  the more radical, the more abundant the plant will sprout.

This has the simple reason that in general life takes place in the roots of a plant. Each plant grows in the way that a balance between root and leaf mass is attainted. If we now cut a part from the above green,  the root is, so to say, in advantage. Before it had to feed much more green leaves, and when the supply of nutrients from the soil has not subsided suddenly, the root has still the same power for less branches!

Of course there are specific limits on specific plants for a cut. But basically it means: the more brutal the cut, the more new shoots! In fact, the most extreme cut, that would be tolerated by the plant (or Rose) is mostly nonsense. It produces countless new pompon-like shoots that sprout from a tiny plant-base and the form gets too dense. Additionally - it opens the paths for plant diseases, because the closely growing branches rubbing against each other and may cause injury. Such dense foliage takes itself all light and air! And concerning the air it is to say that this is the only physical medium, that can evaporate the moisture [ yes, you read right ! ]. A ​​too dense sprawling  is a best breeding ground for diseases.

Combined with this basic reconnaissance, you can now also deduce why to wait until the roses clearly show in which direction the shoots will grow. And this is an additional reason for the fall-section. Because the rose is then returned to the juice balance so that it can be clearly predicted in which direction the new shoots of spring will develop. For non pre-cut roses, with stems at different heights this is hardly possible. Following the principle of juice balance, the strongest new shoots will be the ones at the top of the rose stems. If those grow in the wrong direction, cut it down to the eye pointing in the correct direction. But always remember: the rose must be cut entirety at about the same height so that it receives a symmetrical umbrella shape .

The sense of cutting rosest in the spring is then to give it an optimal shape which is firstly aesthetical and secondly avoiding deseases. Every new rose shoot grows at normal lighting in the direction in which it points. The rose cut in the spring determines the growth form of the later rose. Normally the height is cut back at about 20 - 30 centimeters. In other words, between the third and fifth rose eye, counted from the ground.

In order to lose the fear of a daring cut, this article served to explain a fundamental phenomenon at the example of the rose. Especially roses do absolutely not care abaout a cut and grow even faster. However, always keep the principle of the relationship between ' root volume to leaf mass ' in mind. This is also a wonderful model to understand plants, to direct its actions and to make no mistakes anymore.

Garden story :
Our customer (where these photographs were made ) was clasping her hands above her head when she saw her beloved roses radically cut. Admittedly, they are a fairly extreme example of a professional correction cut. However, in the middle of the year, she said: "Unbelievable -they have never flowered like that. "